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Structure: Breaking Bad S1E1

With the 5th and final season of Breaking Bad underway, let’s look back at how it started. The pilot episode planted this drama series squarely on the map and to my taste, Breaking Bad became an instant classic. The show is loved as much by its audience as by the critics and industry peers. Most agree that Breaking Bad offers us the very best of what is currently on the screen – and it all started with a brilliant script.


by Karel Segers

[box type=”alert”]Massive spoilers ahead. [/box]

Teaser

[box]

An RV and a man in underpants (4mins)

[/box]   00.00 An RV with driver and three bodies races through the desert, goes off the road, stuck. 01.00 The driver, in underpants, comes out, distressed. 02.00 Underpants man goes back in, takes a vide camera, puts on a shirt. 02.30 Underpants man is Walter White. To camera: “This is not an admission of guilt.” Addesses family. 03.30 Sirens approach. Walter White faces the sirens, ready with a handgun.


Imagine opening a new TV show by showing the life of a 50-year old goody two-shoes chemistry teacher, whose greatest excitement is getting veggie bacon for breakfast on his birthday. Now this is exactly what Act One shows us, for a full ten minutes. It would have been indigestible, dead boring and plain awful writing. But by moving five minutes of excitement from episode climax to the front, the entire expositional opening becomes palatable. It’s a familiar technique and Breaking Bad will rely on it often.


Act One

[box]

The life of Walter White (11mins)

[/box]   04.30 5am and Walt lies in bed, awake. 05.00 Walt on his stepper, coughing. Was once member of Nobel winning chemistry team. 05.30 50th birthday breakfast: veggie bacon breakfast with wife Skyler and son Walt Jr. 06.30 Walt arrives at school with his son. 07.00 Walt teaches chemistry – the study of change. One unruly student. 08.30 Walt moonlights at the car wash. Boss Bogdan takes advantage of Walt’s compliance. 09.30 The unruly student arrives with car and girlfriend. They mock Walt. 10.00 Walt is driving. The glove box won’t shut. 10.30 Surprise birthday party. Skyler is pregnant, her sister Marie with DEA husband Hank. 11.00 Hank shows off his hand gun and Walt reluctantly watches as he gives it to Walt Jr to hold. 12.00 TV report on Hank’s meth lab seizure: $700k. “I’ll take you on a ride along! Get a little excitement!” 13.00 Walt in bed. Skyler gives him a hand job while focusing on her ebay auction. 15.00 Walt collapses at the car wash.


Here is a man whose life can’t possibly get any worse. Why doesn’t he just kill himself rightaway? Walter White is surely not the aspirational hero, rather the identificational one. Don’t we all have at least something in common with Walt? He represents the metaphor of someone not really alive but merely getting by. This must end, either by death – or excitement. Guess which. The thematic statement in this first act is expressed in Walt’s teaching, when he talks about chemistry as the study of ‘change’. Breaking Bad writer/creator Vince Gilligan is foreshadowing here what will happen to his hero. Like all great transformational characters, the audience craves their change. Here we are promised that this change will come about. Just hang in there. Later, the promise of excitement becomes a visual anticipation when Hank offers Walt to take him along on a meth raid. The act ends with the Inciting Incident.


Act Two

[box]Lung Cancer, Inoperable (10mins)[/box]

  16.00 In the ambulance, the paramedic asks Walter: are you a smoker? 17.00 Full body scan. 17.30 Doctor delivers verdict: lung cancer, inoperable. “I’ll live maybe another couple of years”. 18.30 Walt comes home, Skyler fusses over credit card, asks “how was your day?” Walt: “Fine.” 19.30 Bogdan doesn’t get away with his attitude any longer. Walt: “Fuck you – and your eyebrows!” 20.30 Walt calls Hank to asks if the meth raid ride-along offer is still open. 21.30 DEO officers Hank and Gomez in car with Walter, waiting for the school bus to pass. 23.00 Hank and Gomez wait in the car before the raid. Tipp-off about ‘Captain Cook’. 24.00 Walt wants to go inside, see the actual lab, has to wait in the car. 25.00 Walt sees former student Pinkman sneak out 1st floor window. “Oh my God… Pinkman?” (in underpants).


Did you realise that both Walt and Jesse are in underpants when we see them on screen for the first time? Breaking Bad is full of delightful parallels. My absolute favorite examples are in Episode S2E12 “Phoenix”, which is possibly the best hour of television drama I have ever seen.” In this Second Act, already Walt’s health verdict leads to an immediate change in his behavior – but he is selective to whom he shows it. From now on he will keep secrets – big secrets – mostly for the people he loves the most: his family.


Mid Point

[box]The offer Jesse can’t refuse (3mins) [/box]

  26.00 Walt goes to see Pinkman at night. 27.30 Walt makes Jesse an offer: you and I partner up, to cook crystal meth. “Either that, or I turn you in.”


I’m not an expert on TV drama structure but it strikes me how we have a mid point with almost the exact dynamics as the best mid points in film. The two main antagonistic characters meet in person for the first time and the story takes a dramatically different direction. It is a major reversal that turns a threat (cancer) into an opportunity (give his family what he’s never given them). This episode mid point is at the same time the end of Act One for the whole season. Walt’s goal is clear: to make enough money to set up his family for life.


Act Three

[box]Preparing to cook (9mins)[/box]

  29.00 Marie pries on the Whites’ life, inquires about Walt’s changed behavior. Skyler denies. 30.00 Walt shops for cooking tools and containers at school. 30.30 Walt sets the standards with Jesse, who in stead claims cooking is an art, not chemistry. 32.30 Where are we gonna cook? They decide on an RV. 34.30 Jesse wants to know why all this. “Sixty and breaking bad?” Walt: “I am awake.” 35.00 Walt Jr is fitting pants, with Walt and Skyler. Bullies make fun of him. 37.00 Walt takes on the bullies, attacks their kingpin. All freak out; they call him a psycho.


With the main plot now well underway, there’s some time for character exposition and subplots. The relationship Walt/Jesse will be volatile and Walt now protects his family with greater fervor than ever before. Interesting to see how the third act out (the act climax) happens on a positive note, accentuated by the uplifting score. Often Act Three has the ‘all is lost’ or ‘lowest point’ that we find in movies at the end of Act Two. Here it is the silence before the storm as Act Four will again give us a major twist, leading to a powerful climax.


Act Four

[box]Back with a vengeance (14mins)[/box]

  38.00 Walt & Jesse drive into the desert. “Let’s cook here.” 39.30 Jesse films Walt during the cooking, makes fun of him. Cooking montage. 41.00 Glass grade. “This is art, Mr White.” “Iron Chef!” 42.00 Jesse tries to sell to Crazy-8, Emilio’s cousin. “Back with a vengeance!” They think Jesse snitched. 44.00 Emilio appears, made bail. They ask where he got the meth from. 44.30 Walt at RV, Crazy-8 & co arrive. Emilio recognizes Walt: with DEA. They pull their guns and tie up Jesse. 46.30 Walt is forced to cook; uses red phosphorus to cause a chemical reaction that takes them out. 48.30 Walt frees Jesse. A fire starts as they drive off. 50.00 BACK TO TEASER: Walt standing with gun, sirens. Considers suicide momentarily. 51.30 Fire brigade drives past. Jesse comes out. 52.30 Jesse: “What happened?” Walt: “Red phosphorus…” Clean this up.


The opening of this act is a mythical threshold sequence, expressing the idea that Walt is traveling to a new world. The dialogue “back with a vengeance” sets up what is to follow: Emilio will soon literally be back with a vengeance, introducing the final act climax. For the first time we see the consequences of Walt’s other explosive relationship, with the DEA, through his brother-in-law Hank. This is one of many potential future conflicts set up in this first episode.


Tag

[box]Reaping the rewards (2mins) [/box]

  54.00 Laundering money. Literally. 54.30 Walt and Skyler in bed, making love passionately. “Walt? Is that you?”


Don’t forget to download the screenplay of that first episode. You’ll see that not only is Breaking Bad a fabulous show to watch, the script is pure delight to read. Enjoy!

– Karel Segers

  [box] Karel Segers is a producer and script consultant who started in movies as a rights buyer for Europe’s largest pay TV group Canal+. Back then it was handy to speak 5 languages. Less so today in Australia. Karel teaches, consults and lectures on screenwriting and the principles of storytelling to his 7-year old son Baxter and anyone else who listens. He is also the boss of this blog.[/box]  


About the Author

Karel Segers

Karel Segers wrote his first produced screenplay at age 17. Today he is a story analyst with experience in international movie rights acquisition, script development and production. He has trained and consulted to filmmakers all over the world, including award-winning screenwriters, and Academy Award nominees. Karel founded this website, as well as Logline.it!, ranks among the most influential people for screenwriting on social media, and speaks more than a handful of European languages (which should come in handy in his present hometown of Sydney, Australia).

Comments 13

  1. Pingback: Lessons on character, story and writing from the heart « Writing for Performance Group

  2. I went out of my way to track down the screenplay to this episode after I saw it a couple of years ago. For me it’s almost a perfect piece of writing. The feel and aesthetic of the show is right there on the page. It was like reading a great indie screenplay and shows how the film and tv worlds are colliding, I’d be hard pushed to name a better screenplay I’ve read from around the same time. This is more of an achievement as the standard has never dropped since!

  3. I really like the site, and your structure review of the pilot.

    However, I am curious as to why ur min/breakdown (53 mins) is a bit shorter than the actual pilot (58 mins)? I know the industry rule about minute/per page is arbitrary but also tends to be true.

    Where do you think the extra 5 mins went? Were there unimportant scenes in the script that were then edited out?

    Thanks,
    Drew

    1. Post
      Author

      Hi Drew,

      Very perceptive…

      Not sure. I don’t remember what source I used. I have so many copies of this show, on DVD, Season BluRay and full series BluRay. I sometimes use a torrented copy for the ease of viewing on the computer.

      At some point I also stopped using the timecode on the disk for the simple (and stupid) reason that I cannot see it anymore from where I sit when taking notes. So I use a separate timer that may be a out a little from the actual time code.

      All this may have compounded into the error margin you noticed.

      Thank you for your comment!

      Let me know if you feel like breaking down your favorite movie(s) for this site! :)

      Cheers,

      Karel

    2. 1 hour TV shows are 47 mins (approximately). That’s 13 mins for commercials, “previously on”, and previews.

  4. Thank you for a great breakdown!
    Any plans of doing the same on ep2 and more episodes?
    Do the rest of the episodes follow the same structure?
    And how about an analysis of the seasonal structure?

    How would you compare the episodical and seasonal structure of BB with other tv-shows like Mad Men, Sopranos, True Detective, etc?

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  7. Very nice overview, thanks!
    I hate to be that guy, but there’s a small error at 42:00. Emilio and Krazy-8 are cousins, not brothers. Jesse refers to Emilio as “your cousin” when he brings up the arrest talking to Krazy-8. Gilligan’s script calls them cousins several times.

    1. Post
      Author
  8. Pingback: A Look at Breaking Bad’s Pilot’s Structure – Butterflies & Machineguns

  9. Hey great work on this, just one question. Regarding the scene of Walt literally laundering the money out, I m assuming its the money from the meth they cooked. If so, when did they manage to distribute this meth n earn all that money? And why did Jesse have to rely on crazy 8 then if apparently they were doing just fine before him. This scene is really confusing and would appreciate any answer.

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